Tag Archives: Legality

Is CBD Oil Legal in Switzerland?

CBD oil in Switzerland

The Swiss Government takes a unique stand on cannabis possession. If it contains less than 1 percent THC (which is responsible for the psychoactive effect, or ‘high’) then buying, possessing, and consuming the substance is legal. Cannabis containing THC amounts above 1 percent, however, is known as a narcotic. Possession of opioids is illegal under the Federal Opioids and Psychotropic Substances Act: Stat. 19.

The psychoactive effect is the crucial difference. The Swiss authorities accept that the therapeutic effects of CBD (which, contrary to THC, is not psychoactive) and that it will “help people relax and alleviate pain and muscle cramps.” [1]

Any person caught using unlawful ‘narcotic’ cannabis will face a CHF 100 fine. If the amount of cannabis they are caught is less than 10 grams, then usually there is no penalty, as it has been decriminalized to possess ten grams or less. [1]

Are you allowed to sell cannabis in Switzerland?

There are also laws that must be adhered to in order to market cannabis goods lawfully. CBD is excluded from the Narcotics Act because it is not a ‘big’ drug. Nevertheless, that does not mean it should be priced freely, the government stresses. [2]

Next, a type of drug needs to be assigned to the CBD products. This is going to be one of those:

  • Medicine
  • Foods
  • Cosmetics
  • Utilities (e.g., e-cigarette CBD-liquid)
  • Carbon goods
  • Replaces Tobacco

In group has its own regulations which must be followed by the manufacturer in order to stay under the law.

Selling cannabis with a THC level above 1 percent is illegal. Punishment is rather lenient. For small amounts (up to one hundred grams), a penalty is imposed for one to five ‘daily rates’ (a fine based on the financial circumstances of the individual). Penalties are more severe for bigger cannabis sales, with jail terms for large-scale sales and supply. [2]

Are you allowed to grow cannabis in Switzerland?

Swiss law is lenient regarding the cultivation of cannabis. Cultivation of industrial hemp was legalized in 1995 but is subject to legislation (in terms of THC levels).

Growing cannabis plants within your home is legal. Nevertheless, only such forms are permitted (those that do not have a psychoactive effect) and the amounts of THC must be less than 1%.  It’s sometimes named ‘cannabis medium’ because of the low THC levels. Those plants are also sold as recreational items despite the low THC levels. This created some confusion in the past because plants with high THC look and smell the same as plants with low THC. [3]

The legal status of CBD in Switzerland

Any CBD products containing less than 1% THC may be legally sold in Switzerland because they are not covered by the Narcotics Act. This is unusually high-many other European countries limit the THC content to 0.2%.

That doesn’t mean CBD oil prices are unregulated. All CBD products must be categorized according to the law and must comply with certain regulations. For example, if it is classified as a ‘foodstuff,’ it must comply with the safety guidelines of federal law. CBD products, however, are widely available throughout the country, in supermarkets, kiosks, department stores, and specialist stores. [2]

Only under medical supervision will CBD items containing more than 1 percent THC be supplied. [1]

Can you send cannabis seeds to Switzerland?

Sending cannabis seeds into most European countries is legal. Switzerland is no exception, and you are legally permitted to mail seeds to your address. According to the 2012 Concordat Latin sur la Culture et le Commerce du Chanvre (Latin Concordat on Hemp Culture and Trading), residents of seven cantons (such as Geneva and Basel) are allowed to grow up to four cannabis seed hemp plants for personal use. [3]

Cannabis used in Medical in Switzerland

In Switzerland medicinal cannabis use is legal. It can be accessed only by a prescription that has to be purchased from a GP. In addition, the Federal Office of Public Health (BAG) must provide a grant to patients. The only drug actually approved for medical purposes is Sativex, which can be administered to patients; but this is only used in spasticity conditions (e.g. MS or paraplegia). Exceptions can be made where a GP asks from the BAG for a particular commodity. [2]

Physicians seeking authorization to give prescriptions must report to the BAG. Medicinal production is also legal if the plant in question has a BAG.

Licenses are issued under the following terms and conditions:

Epilepsies

Severe shiver

It’s Cancer

Spasticity

Nausea

Chronic soreness

Medicinal cannabis is not easy to get, and there is no official documentation outlining its correct application and treatment. As a result, Switzerland is home to only a few hundred licensed users of medicinal cannabis. [3]

Could this be about to change? The Swiss government has planned larger-scale medicinal cannabis studies, and the government is also beginning to appreciate the market value of the drug.

Industrial hemp in Switzerland

In Switzerland, industrial hemp can be lawfully grown. Whoever wants to cultivate hemp will get a legal license. They will need to be prepared for checking their substance to ensure that the amounts of THC are 1% or less. [3]

The industrial hemp market in Switzerland is boosting the country’s economy. The expected revenue generated by industrial hemp in 2018 is 3.8 million euros at the time of writing.

Politics and Cannabis

For several years, the legalization of cannabis has arisen through national discourse.

The Swiss parliament opposed the motion to allow the use of cannabis in medical research in 2018. The defeat, however, was based on a thin margin-96 to 93 votes. [3]

The primary criticism came from the Swiss People’s Party, known for its right-wing, nationalist approach. The Christian Democrats did vote against the proposal as well. All groups agree that that will help in the potential regulation of commercial usage by allowing cannabis in research experiments.

Certain groups, including the Federal Democratic Union (another right-wing party), have always traditionally opposed the legalization of cannabis. Only the Swiss People’s Party has, however, recently recognized the real importance of cannabis for medical purposes. [1]

References

[1] https://www.ch.ch/en/cannabis/

[2] https://heidisgarden.com/ch_en/blog/cbd-switzerland-7-reasons-why-the-swiss-have-the-cbd-hub-of-europe

[3] https://studyinginswitzerland.com/marijuana-regulations-in-switzerland/

 

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Please note: While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this article, it should not be intended to provide legal advice, as individual situations will differ and should be discussed with an expert and or a lawyer.

Is CBD Oil Legal in Poland?

Legality of CBD and Hemp in Poland

Poland has grown cannabis for its fiber and as medicinal products for centuries. When the international cannabis prohibition emerged in the 1900s, the hemp industry in Poland was devastated.

However, Poland was among the first countries to successfully restart the hemp industry since Europe reintroduced hemp in the ’90s. Poland has some of the youngest entrepreneurs in the CBD sector, its cannabis industry is thriving and CBD is already a nationally available mainstream product.

History of Cannabis in Poland

Cannabis came to Poland in the 15th century BCE from Central Asia, possibly by the Scythians. Industrial hemp has played an important role in many Slavic tribes for millennia (including those who lived on Poland’s lands), taking part in mythology, medicine, cooking, sewing, and clothes.

Hemp, along with flax, was the Poles’ most important crop. They used it for clothes, for food, and for medicine. Boiled hemp seeds were used to soothe toothaches and treat skin diseases. Hemp has also been used as a treatment for stomach upset, fever, and pain relievers.

Polish scientists and physicians studied cannabis-based drugs during the 19th century — setting the groundwork for the modern-day Polish cannabis industry.

Over the years, the long tradition of hemp cultivation has survived-even between the two world wars.

In 1930 Poland created the Institute of Natural Fibers and Medicinal Plants, one of Europe’s oldest hemp research institutes.

Following the International Opium Convention (IOC), Poland and more than 60 other countries have ratified the agreement banning the manufacture and trade of cannabis.

But cannabis was not officially banned until 1951 and was subsequently criminalized in 1997.

In the 50s hemp cultivation declined following the IOC and subsequent restrictive laws.

But Poland took action to recover its hemp fields after Europe changed its stance towards hemp and successfully reintroduced the crop. Poland today has a thriving sector of cannabis.

Hemp in Poland is entirely legal, whereas marijuana is partially decriminalized.

We’re going to start with new CBD legislation in Poland but first, let’s look at the variations in classification between hemp and marijuana.

The legal status of CBD in Poland

Poland has relaxed CBD laws and enables all types of CBD products to be purchased and used-including CBD foods and beverages.

Poland, despite being a member state of the European Union, bypassed the novel food law that was placed in force across Europe prohibiting the processing of CBD-infused products [1].

The nation conducts only one EU-related CBD drug condition — the THC value can not exceed 0.2%. This rule is not unusual — most European countries apply this in their national legislation.

Poland is one of the countries with the most open and well-organized regulatory structures, known for its thriving cannabis industry.

Difference between hemp and marijuana

The terms hemp and marijuana are sometimes used interchangeably-ignoring the fact that there are certain main distinctions between these plants.

Both plants are identical species — cannabis Sativa — but this does not make them the same. On the contrary, the use, appearance, and most importantly — chemical composition of hemp and marijuana vary in purpose [2].

Plants made of cannabis produce varying cannabinoid levels. Some strains produce very small amounts of THC (the psychoactive cannabinoid) while others produce large amounts.

The laws are different across most of the world depending on the amount of THC a particular strain is producing.

  1. Marijuana

Any cannabis plant with weight in excess of 0.2 percent THC is considered marijuana in Poland. There’s enough THC in these plants to get the user high. We will not allow the commercial use of marijuana.

  1. Hemp

Industrial hemp is classified in Poland as any Cannabis sativa plant with a THC content of less than 0.2%. Hemp is fully legal under a government-issued license for production, manufacturing, and selling. Anyone in Poland can buy hemp-derived products without a prescription, and those products won’t get the user high.

How is hemp regulated in Poland?

The CBD rules are relatively straightforward, so you can shop online and in-store for any CBD drug as long as it is produced from hemp and does not reach the THC level of 0.2 percent.

Farmers and businessmen may apply for a low-THC hemp license (< 0.2 percent). There are no restrictions on the processing of hemp, and growers can use hemp for fiber, food, cosmetics, pharmaceutical products, and building materials with proper permission. You do however need to apply for a license to grow hemp.

Where can you buy CBD products in Poland?

You can look for high-quality CBD products in health food stores, alternative medicine stores, and herbal shops if you prefer traditional shopping.

In Poland, online shopping is the preferred option due to the reasonable prices and a wide range of products available.

Most domestic or European brands will ship the product free of charge to your door, and foreign brands sometimes offer free shipping after spending more than a certain amount.

You may come across brands that will not be shipping to you. This is very rare for Poland but there is a way to get around this by using a mail forwarding service if you find yourself in this situation.

Mail forwarding companies in another country (such as the UK or USA) can provide you with a mailing address that you can use to place online orders in specific regions.

Always look for a certificate of analysis when buying from someone

Hemp is a great plant — it can remove different substances from the soil as a bio-accumulator, including heavy metals, pesticides, and other pollutants. While this is great for the environment, when used as a health supplement or as medicine the toxins can affect the quality of the CBD extract.

Renowned manufacturers check their products for purity, and your vendor will be able to supply you with a CoA confirming that the CBD extract is free of heavy metals, chemicals, solvents, and bacterial contaminants.

References

[1] https://www.eirhealth.com/is-cbd-legal-in-poland#:~:text=Poland%20offline%20Yes-,Yes.,is%20readily%20available%20for%20purchase.

 

[2] https://www.analyticalcannabis.com/articles/medical-cannabis-goes-on-sale-in-poland-311466

 

[3] https://www.healtheuropa.eu/is-the-polish-medical-cannabis-market-becoming-more-open/95516/

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Please note: While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this article, it should not be intended to provide legal advice, as individual situations will differ and should be discussed with an expert and or a lawyer.

Is CBD Oil Legal in Portugal?

Is CBD and Cannabis legal in Portugal?

After the discovery of CBD oil, it has been used by people to treat different medical conditions. Not just that but also its success has led to a transformation in the healthcare industry. But a host of questions surround the use of CBD oil.

Such complexities derive from the fact that regulation pertaining to the use of CBD oil differs across states. Yet sadly, since being legalized, cannabis has still maintained a negative name.

But according to evidence provided over the years by various scientists, CBD oil has the ability to treat specific medical conditions. So, if you are living in Portugal and want to learn more about the legality of CBD oil, keep reading below. And in this article, we’re going to learn a little about the historical past of CBD oils in Portugal, their legal status in Portugal, and whether or not you should buy CBD oil in Portugal? [3]

History of Cannabidiol in Portugal

We are both aware by now that CBD oil is a hemp plant product. While its legalization encircles cannabis at large. Nonetheless, the use of CBD oil would also depend on the legislation pertaining to medicinal cannabis. And this is exactly what happened back in Portugal a couple of years ago.

There were two resolutions in Congress, although both were rejected. PAN brought out the first one: Peoples Animal Nature Party. It said people should own up to 75 gms of cannabis and cultivate six plants per household. That means it would have required a person to grow six plants if the law was passed.

The second amendment was tabled by the Left Committee. This presented a path map for drug distribution and production. Okay, they all rejected the plans. They were in favor of selling cannabis at a reasonable price and set a cap on the black market. That would have permitted a much-needed change. In June 2018, however, medicinal cannabis was eventually legalized. This move was gaining significant support from the Socialist and Social Democratic League.

It was finally how medicinal hemp reached Portugal’s cities and the development and processing of CBD oil followed along with it. That said, let us have a look at the actual legal status of CBD oil in Portugal.

The legal status of CBD oil in Portugal

In Portugal, CBD oil’s legal. Yet here are a few things you can keep in mind. Portugal first and foremost decriminalized drug use in 2001 but allowed medicinal cannabis to be used. As we all know, CBD oil is a considerable part of the medical cannabis industry. Likewise, their use won’t get you into any sort of legal trouble.

Yet if you want to use CBD oil over the counter without any prescription, it’s quite the risk you’ll end up in trouble. It involves buying CBD oil from a pharmacy with the help of a legitimate prescription. So, the next time you go out to get CBD oil, make sure you have a certified doctor’s prescription and a medical condition that qualifies for the same.

When we speak about medical marijuana as a whole, it is safe to say that all pharmaceutical products related to cannabis, except herbal cannabis, are legal in Portugal. Yet it is also noteworthy that medical cannabis is regulated by the National Institute of Pharmacy and Medications.

And this plant’s production is also illegal. This means you can use CBD oil if your medical condition makes you and you choose to cultivate your own medication. You will not yet have the formal approval to produce a cannabis plant.

Surprisingly enough, there is only one cannabis-based drug that has been legal for several years in Portugal-Sativex. However, since 2012, this medicinal drug has become legal but its use is very limited. First, this medicine is quite expensive because of the stigma associated with cannabis, and second.

While CBD oil and medical hemp hold legal status in their entirety. Yet the prescription may only be issued by a licensed physician. You will also find CBD oil at a pharmacist’s pharmacy. Yet INFARMED is an authority for the use of cannabis medicinally.

What is the process of getting CBD oil in Portugal?

You will typically take CBD oil with the aid of a medical marijuana card in countries like the US but the same does not apply to Portugal. You have to take a prescription from a doctor, as I said earlier, that states your need for medical marijuana. The doctor will determine the condition for which you are taking it, and the amount of medication that you need to use. When you’re unsure about the swallowing process, your doctor will direct you on the same.

There are numerous ways of consuming cannabis. Okay, depending on the physiology, which approach would suit you. Many may consume it straight away and some tend to ingest it by milk. Typically speaking, forms that don’t contain cigarettes are safer for your health. That is because the lungs are not negatively affected, so you can effectively control the health. For better outcomes, just make sure you take the recommended dose.

Future of CBD oil in Portugal

The drug market is expected to grow dramatically. Halogen, a Portugal-based company, has collaborated with a Canadian firm to create a unit for the cultivation of cannabis. Per year it produces over 500,000 kilograms of medicinal cannabis. Well, some estimates suggest the figure may even rise to 630,000 kilograms. The numbers are valuable and point to a wide-ranging application.

Another business Gaia Pharma has partnered with Aurora Cannabis Inc., based in Canada. The Canadian corporation is expected to purchase a stake of 51 percent and will work together to headline a nearby plant that manufactures medical cannabis and associated products. This investment from large corporations represents a massive setback for illegal traders. That’s because people will get access to good quality cannabis at an affordable price from dispensaries or pharmacies.

References

[1] CBD In portugal

[2] https://plantandhemp.com/is-cbd-legal-in-portugal-2/

[3] https://cannaunion.com/our-resources/portugal-cbd-legal-status-law-reform/

 

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Please note: While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this article, it should not be intended to provide legal advice, as individual situations will differ and should be discussed with an expert and or a lawyer.

Is CBD oil legal in United Kingdom?

United Kingdom - CBD and Hemp legality

The UK regulatory framework for the CBD and cannabis industry is complex – To believe that anything below 0.2% THC is legal, is a myth.

The maximum permissible level of THC or CBN (both controlled substances) in the UK is 1 mg per product. This will include cannabis resin, the plant’s leaves, and buds/flowers, both in the paste and in herbal.

Cosmetic products have a lower-risk area for CBD enhanced products to be sold. Compliance can be ensured by checking the legal THC content and using CBD that was not extracted from the plant’s flowers or buds.

British drug law in terms of controlled drugs under which THC comes is not “clear” Any undertaking that does not take significant steps to satisfy itself that its products do not contain illegal levels of controlled substances puts itself (and its managers) at risk of serious criminal charges. 

Cannabidiol (CBD) is not a controlled drug in the UK and is freely available for consumption and sale. It can be imported into the UK but products must be clearly labeled, 3rd party laboratory reports must provide proof that they do not contain illegal levels of controlled substances.

The Food Standard Agency has given CBD industry a deadline of 31 March 2021.

By this time, a novel food authorization application must have been filed by all CBD companies. Also, goods which have a legitimate application will be able to stay in the market after this date. The Center for Medical Cannabis (CMC) last year tested thirty CBD oils from UK companies and found that 11 contained less than half their advertised CBD content. A drug advertised for £90 in the high street had almost no CBD.

It has also been found that some products contain large amounts of THC which could make those products illegal.

Wholesale of CBD in the UK

Source a reputable CBD provider who can help you keep labels and active ingredients within limits. You will need an expert to advise on-trend products, best use of isolates and distillates, and what levels of CBD satisfy customer requirements but also remain within the UK legal guidelines for CBD retail stores to stock.

Legal status of CBD in the UK

CBD oil in the UK is legal if it has a THC content of less than 0.02 percent with THC being a controlled substance under the 1971 Misuse of Drugs Act.

Second, the CBD must be derived from an EU certified industrial-grade hemp plant. Hemp differs from hemp, as it is naturally high in CBD and low in THC, which ensures that the next condition is more likely to succeed.

To be legal in the United Kingdom, CBD must have a THC content of no more than 0.2%. THC is a part of cannabis which can cause hallucinations, paranoia, and even addiction in extreme cases.

That is why the UK government is also ensuring that the small levels of THC present in CBD oils are not easily separated from it.

Regulations of CBD oil in the UK

Cannabis is classified under the Abuse of Drugs Act as a Class B drug but this Act does not list CBD as a controlled substance. This has led some people to believe their own cannabis or hemp would grow. That is not the case. Growing your own weed, or hemp, in the UK is illegal. CBD producers in the UK must be licensed and authorized to do so by the UK Home Office. Similarly, you either need to be a licensed medical distributor to sell CBD oil or you need to sell the product as a nutritional supplement. If sold this way, it is necessary to properly label the CBD product in accordance with the 2003 Food Supplements Regulations. [3]

How does CBD oil come into use?

CBD oil owes its versatility to a part of its mainstream success. It can be consumed from the oils, edibles, capsules, and creams in many different ways. That means people who want to use CBD will find a system that fits their lifestyle and needs.

Capsules

Some people like to use capsules because they worry, they can’t measure the correct dosage from a tincture or cream. Capsules are pre-dose and should be taken discreetly. Even they’re a decent choice if you don’t like CBD oil flavor. The CBD however takes longer to enter the bloodstream with this method.

Vaping

If you are already vaping, so opting to vape your CBD may be a wise decision. CBD e-liquids are easy to integrate into your current lifestyle and are readily available. Although consuming a precise dosage may be trickier compared to other methods. Also, vaping equipment can be costly to buy.

Tinctures

The CBD is extremely concentrated when extracted from the plant. It is then added to a carrier oil, and packaged with a dropper in small glass bottles. That’s what’s termed a tint. CBD reaches the body rapidly using this process as drops of the oil are deposited under the tongue.

References

[1] https://www.theweek.co.uk/99068/what-is-cbd-oil#:~:text=However%2C%20CBD%20is%20an%20exception,it%20must%20contain%20no%20THC.

[2] https://www.theextract.co.uk/is-cbd-legal-uk/

[3] https://www.bbc.com/news/health-44534861

 

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Please note: While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this article, it should not be intended to provide legal advice, as individual situations will differ and should be discussed with an expert and or a lawyer.

Is CBD and Hemp legal in Denmark?

Legality of CBD and Hemp in Denmark

Er CBD Olie og andra CBD produkter lovligt i Danmark?

Contrary to common belief, industrial hemp doesn’t contain chemicals that will render you high; it has an outstanding phytochemical profile (plant-based compounds) that can provide one or the other health gain. The hemp plant is high in compounds such as terpenes, essential oils, and other foods such as fatty acids and omega-3.

More about CBD and cannabinoids

By configuration, the cannabinoids are chemically active molecules that can bind with the cannabinoid receptors to provide one or the other health gain [2].

Such cannabinoids can respond with the endocannabinoid system’s CB1 and CB2 receptors to regulate cognitive responses such as appetite, temperature regulation, neural health, and hormonal equilibrium.

This has also been established that the relationship between CBD and these endocannabinoid receptors is responsible for their function as an anxiolytic, antidepressant, anti-cancer, anti-tumor, antimicrobial, and antioxidant. This has contributed to growing adoption and interest in CBD and other cannabinoids obtained from cannabinoids [3].

Although most clients appear to have felt a calming relaxation after consuming CBD, most of the claims were not checked by health enforcement bodies such as the FDA [1]. The increased interest in the product also led to the manufacture of sub-standard products that contain little to no CBD, thus predisposing users to many hazards.

The legal status of CBD oil in Denmark

In Denmark, is CBD legal? CBD Oil of less than 0.2 percent THC is safe as long as it meets certain laws in Denmark that govern drugs, dietary additives & milk. Lægemiddelstyrelsen ‘s view is that cannabis oil containing CBD is most certainly illegal, and is available illegally [1].

Although cultivating Hemp plants with less than 0.2 percent THC is not illegal, extracting CBD oil from it could be illegal [2].

As mentioned above, legality is a gray field, and the impacts are generally on the manufacturer and not the customer.

Cannabis and THC goods containing more than 0.2 percent of THC in Denmark are also illegal. In recent years there has been some push but the feeling is not as strong as in other EU nations.

Buying CBD oil for personal use is a murky area; whether CBD remains treated as a dietary supplement or a medical drug remains uncertain. What we do know is that CBD oil containing less than 0.2 percent of THC is no longer classified under drug laws, so one can be assured that even if CBD is classified as a possession of a medicinal product, it will not break any narcotics law [3

Limits of THC in CBD products

CBD products with a concentration of up to 0.2 percent THC is no longer regarded as a controlled substance after 1 July 2018. This means that CBD products are allowed to be possessed and sold below this limit [3]. However, the rules regulating medicinal products, food supplements, food, etc. still apply in parallel and still need to be complied with. All of Natural Hemp Life’s extracted CBD products are 100% guaranteed from THC.

In fact, it is hard to determine if cannabis items currently sold online are legal. It would depend upon an individual evaluation of the actual substance, operation, country of origin, conditions of processing, and more of the oil [3].

In general, however, it can be said that many of the CBD oils sold online contain CBD in quantities that will have an effect on the body. It is therefore most likely that the oil is a medicine – even if the THC content is less than 0.2% [2].

Cannabis used in the medical field in Denmark

Recently the Danish Parliament announced plans to start a four-year medical cannabis trial starting on 1 January 2018. The announcement has been coming for a long time, which is the product of the majority government’s original plan back in 2014 [3].  

There is only a small number of licenses available, and the race is now on for businesses to submit their plans ahead of the cut-off on 31 December. Denmark has built upon a framework already in place here in Europe for the medical cannabis industry [2].

After the declaration, Denmark’s medicines agency, Lægemiddelstyrelsen, provided information about the approval process. Effectively all licenses fall under one of two categories:

  1. Permission to make cannabis easier and grow domestically
  2. Authorization to import cannabis and medicinal goods into Denmark

Applicants must indicate whether they intend to participate in growing, processing, or distribution.

Licenses are available to domestic and foreign companies – but all submissions must be submitted in Danish. This is a similar strategy embraced by Germany earlier this year – but this criterion is aimed towards improving small enterprises in Denmark [2].

The CBD market in Denmark is growing rapidly. Industries must seek permission to cultivate cannabis from three independent regulatory bodies to receive approval:

Laegemiddelstyrelsen, Landbrugsstyrelsen Agriculture Agency, and National Police, Rigspolitiet.

Earlier this year, Aurora Cannabis, a Canadian medicinal marijuana grower located in Alberta, Ontario, created plans to partner up with tomato grower Alfred Pedersen & Son [1]. The pharmaceutical company will use Danish-run greenhouses to grow the product in Odense.

The two firms have recently come together in a joint venture known as Aurora Nordic Hemp. They plan to build an automated facility of 93,000 sqm-set to produce 120,000 kg of cannabis per year [2].

The initiative is planned to meet the interests of other Nordic nations such as Sweden and Norway, in accordance with expected potential regulatory reforms [2].

Canopy Growth Company requires other foreign pharmaceutical firms that set up shop in Denmark. This has recently partnered with Spectrum Cannabis Denmark and plans to establish a 40,000 sqm facility in Odense as well [2].

References

[1] https://cbdoileurope.com/cbd-legality/is-cbd-legal-in-denmark/

[2] https://www.eirhealth.com/is-cbd-legal-in-denmark

[3] https://sensiseeds.com/en/blog/countries/cannabis-in-denmark-laws-use-history/

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Please note: While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this article, it should not be intended to provide legal advice, as individual situations will differ and should be discussed with an expert and or a lawyer.

Is CBD Oil Legal in Spain?

Is CBD Oil legal to buy in Spain?

Various countries have different laws. Actually, some laws are changing from one state to another. Although cannabidiol is legal in some countries, it is prohibited in other countries.

There are a lot of restrictions attached to the cannabidiol legal status. Cannabidiol can be used in drugs in certain European countries but not for commercial sale, although industrial and medicinal use is legal in some countries, cultivating them is considered illegal.

To understand why different CBDlaws exist, it’s necessary to understand what cannabidiol is.

What is Cannabidiol?

Cannabidiol or CBD is a chemical substance derived from the marijuana or hemp plant varieties. Behind tetrahydrocannabinol or THC, it is the second-most important cannabinoid. While THC is the psychoactive agent found in a cannabis plant, CBD possesses other medicinal properties. Scientists assume CBD is the most important cannabinoid found so far due to a lack of psychoactive agents and beneficial effects on our physical and mental wellbeing.

Cannabidiol may be converted into oils and edibles. These are produced using CBD oil derived from selected cannabis plant types that have a low THC level. The extracted CBD oil is used widely in and in drugs to produce body oils, tinctures, balms, elixirs, and other things. CBD oil is used nowadays in virtually any consumable commodity. In certain countries the selling of CBD oil-related goods is illegal.

What is the legal status of CBD oil in Spain?

In Spain, the use of cannabis is prohibited for commercial purposes. It is considered a felony crime. Yet cannabis can be privately grown and used. Any reason other than the drug trade or selling has been decriminalized. This grey environment has contributed to the creation of cannabis clubs and groups for consumers. Such clubs and societies were founded as non-profit organizations, and they sell their members cannabis.

Major administrative amendments have arisen regarding the legal status of CBD oil in Spain. Spain’s cannabis industry is a combination of Spanish and foreign-owned businesses that sell seeds, fertilizers, hemp-infused drinks, and CBD tinctures, oils, and creams. Distributors, retailers, develop shops, and internet sellers work in a black market that encourages them to sell as long as they obey the laws. [1]

Any drug that has CBD oil as one of its ingredients cannot be sold in Spain if the THC content reaches 0.2%. The prohibition is because it is in international law. In addition, all hemp growing seeds must be sourced from the Approved European Hemp Seed Catalogue.

CBD oil in food and supplements

In Spain the use of narcotic drugs in food supplements is prohibited, so is the use of CBD, although it has no psychoactive agents. Many stores in Spain were searched, and CBD oil-based goods were seized when AECOSAN, Spain’s health and safety agency, revised the regulations banning the selling and delivery of CBD-containing drugs marketed when food supplements. According to Spanish law, dietary supplements should only contain vitamins, nutrients, amino acids, and fatty acids from the ‘natural’ diet. Spain has made it a rule that CBD oil cannot be used in consumable production. [2]

CBD oil used in cosmetics

In Spain, CBD oil can be sold under the label ‘only for external use,’ meaning it can be used as an ingredient in cosmetic cream and balm manufacturing. Many firms have launched a line of products using CBD oil.

Use of CDB oil for medical purposes in Spain

Medical cannabis is not regulated in Spain, and cannabis production in Spain is subject to prior authorization from the Spanish Drugs and Medicinal Devices Department or AEMPS for the purpose of cannabinoid extraction. Five firms in Spain have been issued testing licenses for the cultivation of cannabis.

Of testing purposes, a distinction must be made between CBD-rich products and CBD-enriched products. Spain prohibits the use of narcotic medications as medical products. But CBD is free of psychoactive agents, and so its medicinal use has recently become lawful in the country. [2]

The legal status of CBD oil-based products in Spain

All across Europe Cannabis firms are marketing their goods in Spain. They sell either online or through stores. Such distributors or exporters have been hit because they are required to recall their goods or re-label them to sell for commercial purposes on the Spanish market because Spain has made CBD oil illegal.

Because Spain is the center for hemp production, the manufacture of selling derivatives is only made legal for sale to a business approved in its home country. [3]

References

[1] https://www.growbarato.net/blog/en/is-cbd-legal-in-spain/#:~:text=In%20Spain%20the%20use%20and,products%20is%20the%20Medicines%20Agency.

[2] https://cannabislaw.report/guest-article-the-legal-status-of-cbd-oil-in-spain/

[3] https://www.eirhealth.com/is-cbd-legal-in-spain

 

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Please note: While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this article, it should not be intended to provide legal advice, as individual situations will differ and should be discussed with an expert and or a lawyer.

Is CBD oil legal in Croatia?

Legality of CBD and Hemp in Croatia

Croatia is home to some of the Mediterranean’s most beautiful sceneries. The Croatian coastline has over 1,000 islands which each year attract millions of tourists. And, unknown to many, Croatia is also home to one of Europe’s most relaxed cannabis laws. You might now wonder: ‘Is CBD legal in Croatia? Read on to learn.

Are CBD products legal to use and buy in Croatia?

Yes, since the acceptance of Ivana Ćelić’s amendment to the Croatian Democratic Union (HDZ), the use, growth, and purchase of CBD is fully legal in Croatia. You can therefore freely import and use any CBD products. Natural Hemp Life offers a wide range of high-quality CBD products to facilitate your everyday lifestyle. Enjoy fast and discrete shipping anywhere in Croatia.

Drug laws and drug penalties in Croatia

In 2001 Croatia passed and has since been updating its Drug Abuse Prevention Act (DAPA). The DAPA and the Criminal Code for Croatia regulate the drug manufacturing, possession, and trade conditions.

In Croatia, the current legislative system prohibits unauthorized cultivation, possession, and trafficking of drugs. Those who violate the law are prosecuted under the Penal Code [2]. But also, the DAPA outlines a framework for drug prevention and drug user rehabilitation.

Therefore, the possession of small quantities of drugs for personal consumption was reduced to a misdemeanor in 2013 from a criminal offense. Nowadays a fine is punishable for possession of minor quantities of drugs. The fine varies by the amount and type of drug involved and ranges from €650 to €2,600.

Illegal cultivation, manufacture, and processing of drugs without any intent to sell can result in prison sentences of up to five years. If the prosecution proves the motive of the person to distribute the drugs, jail terms will go up to twelve years [1].

Worsening circumstances, such as previous convictions, being part of a criminal network, involving children in drug trafficking, or causing serious harm to others may further increase the sentences to 15 to 20 years in prison.

Laws of Cannabis drugs in Croatia

The 2013 DAPA update created a distinction between the different illicit substances, now divided into two categories — heavy drugs and light drugs.
Cannabis is considered a light drug, and in Croatia, possession of a small amount of marijuana for personal use is considered a minor offense.

While possessing a small amount of cannabis can result in a fine of up to € 2,600, most cannabis fines range from €650 to €1,300, respectively.

But that is the thing here. The current legislative system does not specify what, and what qualifies as a ‘small’ quantity. If you are caught in Croatia with cannabis, one of two things will happen, based on the amount of weed you are found with.

When caught in Croatia with a visibly small amount of cannabis — a spliff, one or perhaps even two grams of fresh or dried cannabis flower — you can get a fine directly from the police officer who caught you. If that happens, you’ll be forced on the spot to pay the fine, but you won’t face any other legal issues.

If you’re caught with a larger amount of cannabis, or if the policeman who catches you suspects you’re planning to sell the weed, you’ll have to go to court.

Now, as the law does not define the maximum amount of cannabis that can be possessed in Croatia for personal use, the arresting police officer and the judge who presides over your case have the freedom to decide on your penalty based on a variety of factors and circumstances. Weighing in on the decision is the amount of cannabis in your possession, your sex, your criminal record, and other considerations [2].

Each possession case is special and Croatian judges can be either compassionate or strict. Realistically speaking, even most strict courts will pass a fairly minor amount of cannabis as a personal possession and let you get away with a fine, albeit a bigger one, although there are no promises they can [1].

Penalties you face if you break the drug laws in Croatia

One of the interesting news about the DAPA 2013 amendment is that it allows lawmakers to try alternate solutions to incarceration for people who have been arrested possessing minor quantities of drugs and may potentially face up to six months’ prison sentences [3].

Croatian judges could recommend fines, community service, probation, and treatment for those accused of possession of drugs. Sometimes, even if the judge considers it ‘insignificant,’ the offense may be dismissed. Any lawbreakers can require up to three years to undergo mandatory drug rehab.

Use of marijuana medical field in Croatia

Croatia legalized medical marijuana back in 2015 after arresting a man with multiple sclerosis (MS) to keep his symptoms in check for growing weeds. His detention shocked the general public, which immediately passed a medicinal cannabis bill.

[1] In the Croatian cannabis program, patients over 18 who suffer from MS, cancer, AIDS, and epilepsy may join. Patients under 18 can now join the system but can only benefit from medical therapies with a legal guardian’s permission.

The Croatian medical cannabis program nowadays allows citizens to purchase cannabis medication with a digital prescription directly from the pharmacy. Cannabis prescriptions expire in 30 days and the patient’s purchase is limited to 7.5 grams per month.

Each medical cannabis is actually imported from Canada in Croatian pharmacies.

Further future of cannabis in Croatia

The drug legislation in Croatia is somewhat relaxed but cannabis users are still being stigmatized. But that could change in the near future.

Mirela Holy, a Croatian MP, announced a cannabis law going to public debate in February 2020.

The bill suggests a collaborative administration model where the state will work with private companies to retain the high-quality commodity on the market. It would also allow any adult citizen to cultivate up to nine female cannabis plants rich in tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) for personal needs.

Holy stated that cannabis cultivation would help to fight climate change but she also discussed the positive economic value of the weed. She also noted that in recent years the Croatian population has changed their opinions on cannabis and that the awareness of cannabis by the media has increased, which has helped with the discrimination against marijuana [3].

References:

[1] https://straininsider.com/legal-situation-cannabis-croatia/

[2] https://cbdtesters.co/2020/06/23/is-croatia-trying-to-legalize-recreational-cannabis/

[3] http://ass.fiduciometro.it/is-cbd-legal-in-croatia.html

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Please note: While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this article, it should not be intended to provide legal advice, as individual situations will differ and should be discussed with an expert and or a lawyer.

Legal status of CBD in Isreal

Legality of CBD and Hemp in Isreal

Isreal is world-leading when it comes to research on cannabis, In fact, some of the earliest successful experiments and research has been carried out in Isreal. Let’s take a look at the laws surrounding CBD and CBD oil.

Cannabidiol (CBD) is without a doubt the most popular and studied cannabinoid out there. And there are good reasons for it. Our CBD is extracted using a gentle, yet very effective extraction method called Supercritical CO2 extraction.

Background history of Israel’s CBD Industry

All the way since the 1960s, Isreal has been heavily invested in research on CBD Oil. The Israeli scientist Raphael Mechoulam was the very first person to isolate the cannabinoid CBD from THC. A discovery that has made the man world-known in the industry.

When questioned why he chose to work in the field of medical marijuana, Mechoulam explained that for centuries, humans have been using plant-based chemicals as a means of curing a wide range of diseases.

There are multiple different organizations currently holding conflicting views on the subject. In 2017, the Ministry of Health declared CBD illegal in the country. Their view was that it was not permissible to import or grow. However, the police organization of Isreal came out with a different view.

They determined CBD to not be a dangerous substance under the Drugs ordnance. According to them, this makes CBD fully legal to use and sell. Therefore, it is very unlikely that vendors or individuals consuming or handling CBD products would be arrested or face legal actions.

This is due to the fact that the Ministry of health has no enforcement power to regulate the behavior of businesses or consumers.

What further complicates the situation is the opinion of the Customs authority in Isreal, which rebutted the police department’s statement. The customs claim that cannabidiol (CBD) is indeed considered unsafe and dangerous, which makes CBD illegal.

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Is CBD Legal in Isreal? ✅

There is, unfortunately, currently no easy answer for if CBD is legal in Israel. In 2016 Knesset member Sharren Haskel called for the substance CBD to be excluded from the list of illegal and dangerous drugs.

Since then, Israel has invested in the market, with several companies manufacturing and distributing CBD products for export all over the world

One example of this is Provacan, a company that launched its UK-based online store in 2019 with great success so far.

As for within Israel itself? CBD can only be purchased at pharmacies, but pharmacists have to undergo training as a part of the requirements.

A growing business

Despite the legal grey-zone, CBD is functionally legal in the country. Most importantly, state officials in Isreal have begun to acknowledge the economical benefits of fully legalizing the substance. Isreal has perfect climate conditions for the growth of natural hemp, meaning that the step to a world-leading producer would be quiet easy.

According to experts, the economic benefits would be too strong the politicians to resist. CBD has shown to be non-toxic and could potentially help in users’ health and well-being. 

Buy CBD products in Isreal

CBD products are heavily regulated, you can, therefore rest assure that our products undergo strict tests in laboratories. The most effective and legal CBD supplements can be purchased online. Take a look at www.naturalhemplife.eu to find a wide array of well-crafted CBD products.

Please note: While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this article, it should not be intended to provide legal advice, as individual situations will differ and should be discussed with an expert and or a lawyer.

Legal status of CBD in Norway

Legality of CBD and Hemp in Norway

Are you living in Norway? Are you interested in buying and using CBD in your country, but you are not sure if CBD is legal? Great! This article contains information about the topic, so make sure to read it through!

CBD is an active cannabinoid extracted from EU approved industrial hemp. Using a gentle CO2 extraction, we are able to extract a full spectrum of cannabinoids, without any traces of THC. CBD products are rising in popularity all over Europe, and Norway is not any different.

Is CBD Legal in Norway?

Even though the Norwegian parliament decriminalized personal drug use in late 2017 and medical use of cannabis has been legalized, drug laws are still quite contradictory. THC is not allowed in any concentrations at all in Norway. It has since been made clear that CBD oil is legal as long as it contains 0% THC. All of our extracted CBD products are 100% THC-free, which makes our product legal in Norway.

While Norway’s cannabis laws remain very strict, the move to decriminalize cannabis suggests a softer approach from the government. Prime Minister Bent Hoie publicly stated that the law needed to focus more on treatment, and less on punishment.

Information about Norway and CBD

  • As Norway is not a member of the European Union, the restrictions and regulations for the sale and use of CBD are different from the rest of Europe. CBD is legal to use and possess only if it is prescribed by a doctor. 
  • Growing hemp and cannabis is illegal in Norway. You are also prohibited by law from buying whole hemp and cannabis seeds. This includes raw hemp and “buds”.
  • The Norwegian government does not prohibit the sale of CBD without THC.
  • Natural Hemp Life ships discretely and anonymously with no marketing on the outside.

Buy CBD oil in Norway

CBD products are sold under very strict regulations, you can, therefore be absolutely sure that our products undergo strict tests in laboratories. The most effective and legal CBD products can be purchased online. Take a look at www.naturalhemplife.eu to find a wide array of CBD products.

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Please note: While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of this article, it should not be intended to provide legal advice, as individual situations will differ and should be discussed with an expert and or a lawyer.